• 欢迎访问露水湾网站,WordPress信息,WordPress教程,推荐使用最新版火狐浏览器和Chrome浏览器访问本网站
  • Git主题现已支持滚动公告栏功能,兼容其他浏览器,看到的就是咯,在后台最新消息那里用li标签添加即可。
  • 最新版Git主题已支持说说碎语功能,可像添加文章一样直接添加说说,新建说说页面即可,最后重新保存固定连接,

CentOS7(mini) 安装 Kubernetes 集群(kubeadm方式)

docker dewbay 3年前 (2019-04-12) 1148次浏览 已收录 0个评论 扫描二维码
文章目录[隐藏]

CentOS7(mini) 安装 Kubernetes 集群(kubeadm方式)
安装 CentOS
安装net-tools

[root@localhost ~]

# yum install -y net-tools
1
关闭 firewalld

[root@localhost ~]

# systemctl stop firewalld && systemctl disable firewalld
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.

[root@localhost ~]

# setenforce 0

[root@localhost ~]

# sed -i ‘s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g’ /etc/selinux/config
1
2
3
4
5
安装 Docker
如今 Docker 分为了 Docker-CE 和 Docker-EE 两个版本,CE 为社区版即免费版,EE 为企业版即商业版。我们选择使用 CE 版。

安装 yum 源工具包

[root@localhost ~]

# yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
1
下载 docker-ce 官方的 yum 源配置文件

[root@localhost ~]

# yum-config-manager –add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
1
禁用 docker-c-edge 源配 edge 是不开发版,不稳定,下载 stable 版
yum-config-manager –disable docker-ce-edge
1
更新本地 YUM 源缓存
yum makecache fast
1
安装 Docker-ce 相应版本的
yum -y install docker-ce
1
运行 hello world

[root@localhost ~]

# systemctl start docker

[root@localhost ~]

# docker run hello-world
Unable to find image ‘hello-world:latest’ locally
latest: Pulling from library/hello-world
9a0669468bf7: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:0e06ef5e1945a718b02a8c319e15bae44f47039005530bc617a5d071190ed3fc
Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest

Hello from Docker!
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

To generate this message, Docker took the following steps:

  1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon.
  2. The Docker daemon pulled the “hello-world” image from the Docker Hub.
  3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the
    executable that produces the output you are currently reading.
  4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it
    to your terminal.

To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with:
$ docker run -it ubuntu bash

Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID:
https://cloud.docker.com/

For more examples and ideas, visit:
https://docs.docker.com/engine/userguide/
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
安装 kubelet 与kubeadm
使用kubeadm init 命令初始化集群之下载 Docker 镜像到所有主机的实始化时会下载kubeadm必要的依赖镜像,同时安装 etcd,kube-dns,kube-proxy,由于我们 GFW 防火墙问题我们不能直接访问,因此先通过其它方法下载下面列表中的镜像,然后导入到系统中,再使用kubeadm init 来初始化集群

使用 DaoCloud 加速器(可以跳过这一步)

[root@localhost ~]

# curl -sSL https://get.daocloud.io/daotools/set_mirror.sh | sh -s http://0d236e3f.m.daocloud.io
docker version >= 1.12
{“registry-mirrors”: [“http://0d236e3f.m.daocloud.io”%5D}
Success.
You need to restart docker to take effect: sudo systemctl restart docker

[root@localhost ~]

# systemctl restart docker
1
2
3
4
5
6
下载镜像,自己通过 Dockerfile 到 dockerhub 生成对镜像,也可以克隆我的
images=(kube-controller-manager-amd64 etcd-amd64 k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64 kube-proxy-amd64 kube-apiserver-amd64 kube-scheduler-amd64 pause-amd64 k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64 k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64)
for imageName in ${images[@]} ; do
docker pull champly/$imageName
docker tag champly/$imageName gcr.io/google_containers/$imageName
docker rmi champly/$imageName
done
1
2
3
4
5
6
修改版本
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/etcd-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/etcd-amd64:3.0.17 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/etcd-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.5 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.5 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.2 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/kube-apiserver-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/kube-apiserver-amd64:v1.7.5 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/kube-apiserver-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/kube-controller-manager-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/kube-controller-manager-amd64:v1.7.5 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/kube-controller-manager-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/kube-proxy-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/kube-proxy-amd64:v1.6.0 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/kube-proxy-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/kube-scheduler-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/kube-scheduler-amd64:v1.7.5 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/kube-scheduler-amd64 && \
docker tag gcr.io/google_containers/pause-amd64 gcr.io/google_containers/pause-amd64:3.0 && \
docker rmi gcr.io/google_containers/pause-amd64
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
添加阿里源

[root@localhost ~]

# cat >> /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo << EOF

[kubernetes]

name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
EOF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
查看 kubectl kubelet kubeadm kubernetes-cni 列表

[root@localhost ~]

# yum list kubectl kubelet kubeadm kubernetes-cni
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

  • base: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • extras: mirrors.sohu.com
  • updates: mirrors.sohu.com
    可安装的软件包
    kubeadm.x86_64 1.7.5-0 kubernetes
    kubectl.x86_64 1.7.5-0 kubernetes
    kubelet.x86_64 1.7.5-0 kubernetes
    kubernetes-cni.x86_64 0.5.1-0 kubernetes

[root@localhost ~]

#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
安装 kubectl kubelet kubeadm kubernetes-cni

[root@localhost ~]

# yum install -y kubectl kubelet kubeadm kubernetes-cni
1
修改 cgroups
vi /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf
1
update KUBELET_CGROUP_ARGS=–cgroup-driver=systemd to KUBELET_CGROUP_ARGS=–cgroup-driver=cgroupfs

修改 kubelet 中的 cAdvisor 监控的端口,默认为 0 改为 4194,这样就可以通过浏器查看 kubelet 的监控 cAdvisor 的 web 页

[root@kub-master ~]

# vi /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf
1
Environment=”KUBELET_CADVISOR_ARGS=–cadvisor-port=4194”

启动所有主机上的 kubelet 服务

[root@master ~]

# systemctl enable kubelet && systemctl start kubelet
1
初始化 master master 节点上操作

[root@master ~]

# kubeadm reset && kubeadm init –apiserver-advertise-address=192.168.0.100 –kubernetes-version=v1.7.5 –pod-network-cidr=10.200.0.0/16

[preflight]

Running pre-flight checks

[reset]

Stopping the kubelet service

[reset]

Unmounting mounted directories in “/var/lib/kubelet”

[reset]

Removing kubernetes-managed containers

[reset]

Deleting contents of stateful directories: [/var/lib/kubelet /etc/cni/net.d /var/lib/dockershim /var/lib/etcd]

[reset]

Deleting contents of config directories: [/etc/kubernetes/manifests /etc/kubernetes/pki]

[reset]

Deleting files: [/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf /etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf /etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.conf /etc/kubernetes/scheduler.conf]

[kubeadm]

WARNING: kubeadm is in beta, please do not use it for production clusters.

[init]

Using Kubernetes version: v1.7.5

[init]

Using Authorization modes: [Node RBAC]

[preflight]

Running pre-flight checks

[preflight]

WARNING: docker version is greater than the most recently validated version. Docker version: 17.09.0-ce. Max validated version: 1.12

[preflight]

Starting the kubelet service

[kubeadm]

WARNING: starting in 1.8, tokens expire after 24 hours by default (if you require a non-expiring token use –token-ttl 0)

[certificates]

Generated CA certificate and key.

[certificates]

Generated API server certificate and key.

[certificates]

API Server serving cert is signed for DNS names [master kubernetes kubernetes.default kubernetes.default.svc kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local] and IPs [10.96.0.1 192.168.0.100]

[certificates]

Generated API server kubelet client certificate and key.

[certificates]

Generated service account token signing key and public key.

[certificates]

Generated front-proxy CA certificate and key.

[certificates]

Generated front-proxy client certificate and key.

[certificates]

Valid certificates and keys now exist in “/etc/kubernetes/pki”

[kubeconfig]

Wrote KubeConfig file to disk: “/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf”

[kubeconfig]

Wrote KubeConfig file to disk: “/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf”

[kubeconfig]

Wrote KubeConfig file to disk: “/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.conf”

[kubeconfig]

Wrote KubeConfig file to disk: “/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.conf”

[apiclient]

Created API client, waiting for the control plane to become ready

[apiclient]

All control plane components are healthy after 34.002949 seconds

[token]

Using token: 0696ed.7cd261f787453bd9

[apiconfig]

Created RBAC rules

[addons]

Applied essential addon: kube-proxy

[addons]

Applied essential addon: kube-dns

Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run (as a regular user):

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run “kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml” with one of the options listed at:
http://kubernetes.io/docs/admin/addons/

You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
as root:

kubeadm join –token 0696ed.7cd261f787453bd9 192.168.0.100:6443

[root@master ~]

#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
kubeadm join –token 0696ed.7cd261f787453bd9 192.168.0.100:6443 这个一定要记住,以后无法重现,添加节点需要

添加节点

[root@node1 ~]

# kubeadm join –token 0696ed.7cd261f787453bd9 192.168.0.100:6443

[kubeadm]

WARNING: kubeadm is in beta, please do not use it for production clusters.

[preflight]

Running pre-flight checks

[preflight]

WARNING: docker version is greater than the most recently validated version. Docker version: 17.09.0-ce. Max validated version: 1.12

[preflight]

WARNING: kubelet service is not enabled, please run ‘systemctl enable kubelet.service’

[preflight]

Starting the kubelet service

[discovery]

Trying to connect to API Server “192.168.0.100:6443”

[discovery]

Created cluster-info discovery client, requesting info from “https://192.168.0.100:6443&#8221;

[discovery]

Cluster info signature and contents are valid, will use API Server “https://192.168.0.100:6443&#8221;

[discovery]

Successfully established connection with API Server “192.168.0.100:6443”

[bootstrap]

Detected server version: v1.7.10

[bootstrap]

The server supports the Certificates API (certificates.k8s.io/v1beta1)

[csr]

Created API client to obtain unique certificate for this node, generating keys and certificate signing request

[csr]

Received signed certificate from the API server, generating KubeConfig…

[kubeconfig]

Wrote KubeConfig file to disk: “/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf”

Node join complete:

  • Certificate signing request sent to master and response
    received.
  • Kubelet informed of new secure connection details.

Run ‘kubectl get nodes’ on the master to see this machine join.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
在 master 配置 kubectl 的 kubeconfig 文件

[root@master ~]

# mkdir -p $HOME/.kube

[root@master ~]

# cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config

[root@master ~]

# chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config
1
2
3
在 Master 上安装 flannel
docker pull quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.8.0-amd64
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/v0.8.0/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/v0.8.0/Documentation/kube-flannel-rbac.yml
1
2
3
查看集群

[root@master ~]

# kubectl get cs
NAME STATUS MESSAGE ERROR
scheduler Healthy ok
controller-manager Healthy ok
etcd-0 Healthy {“health”: “true”}

[root@master ~]

# kubectl get nodes
NAME STATUS AGE VERSION
master Ready 24m v1.7.5
node1 NotReady 45s v1.7.5
node2 NotReady 7s v1.7.5

[root@master ~]

# kubectl get pods –all-namespaces
NAMESPACE NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
kube-system etcd-master 1/1 Running 0 24m
kube-system kube-apiserver-master 1/1 Running 0 24m
kube-system kube-controller-manager-master 1/1 Running 0 24m
kube-system kube-dns-2425271678-h48rw 0/3 ImagePullBackOff 0 25m
kube-system kube-flannel-ds-28n3w 1/2 CrashLoopBackOff 13 24m
kube-system kube-flannel-ds-ndspr 0/2 ContainerCreating 0 41s
kube-system kube-flannel-ds-zvx9j 0/2 ContainerCreating 0 1m
kube-system kube-proxy-qxxzr 0/1 ImagePullBackOff 0 41s
kube-system kube-proxy-shkmx 0/1 ImagePullBackOff 0 25m
kube-system kube-proxy-vtk52 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 1m
kube-system kube-scheduler-master 1/1 Running 0 24m

[root@master ~]

#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
如果出现:The connection to the server localhost:8080 was refused – did you specify the right host or port?
解决办法:
为了使用 kubectl 访问 apiserver,在~/.bash_profile 中追加下面的环境变量:
export KUBECONFIG=/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
source ~/.bash_profile

重新初始化 kubectl

作者:ChamPly
来源:CSDN
原文:https://blog.csdn.net/ChamPly/article/details/78578588
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请附上博文链接!


露水湾 , 版权所有丨如未注明 , 均为原创丨本网站采用BY-NC-SA协议进行授权
转载请注明原文链接:CentOS7(mini) 安装 Kubernetes 集群(kubeadm方式)
喜欢 (0)
[]
分享 (0)
关于作者:
发表我的评论
取消评论

表情 贴图 加粗 删除线 居中 斜体 签到

Hi,您需要填写昵称和邮箱!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址